Introduction to Logic Test 01

This test has been designed to assess your comprehension of the Introduction to Logic Lectures by Dr. Leonard Peikoff. Questions have been formed from lecture 1 only (Discs 1-3). There are 25 questions - each is worth 4 points. This test can be taken by students before and after listening to the lectures (as a pre and/or post-test). Only reading Ayn Rand's fictional work will not be sufficient preparation to excel on this test. This assessment can help students of Objectivism and study-group organizers determine the ideal study materials and is not intended to evaluate one's agreement with Objectivism.

Note: All questions are formed from assertions and arguments made by the author of the material. When answering test questions, please keep in mind that the "correct" answer is based on those assertions. The Culture of Reason Center does not necessarily endorse the positions articulated in the subject material.

Test Score Range:
0-60: Minimal understanding (Low) - Basic study needed
61-70: Moderate understanding (Low-Mid) - Basic study needed
71-80: Good understanding (Intermediate) - Basic study review needed
81-90: Competent (High-Mid) - Proceed to more technical studies
91-100: Advanced  (High) - Proceed to more technical studies

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Introduction to Logic Test 01

1) According to Dr. Peikoff, the Existentialist-Zen Buddhist-Orientalist axis of philosophy regards logic as useless, subjective, a product of linguistic conventions.

2) Dr. Peikoff offers two reasons why people require logic:

3) Every consciousness, regardless of its means or form of awareness, must be capable of error.

4) Identify the meaning and the author of the following quote: “credo quia absurdum”

5) Who said the following? “At a mass meeting, thought is eliminated. And because this is the state of mind I require, because it secures to me the best sounding board for my speeches, I order everyone to attend the meetings, where they become part of the mass, whether they like it or not. I mingle with people. I speak to them only as the mass.”

6) Objectivism agrees with the “non-ontological” theory of logic.

7) The Law of Contradiction states:

8) Thinking, according to Objectivism, is:

9) The Law of Excluded Middle states:

10) Dr. Peikoff defines proof as follows: the process of deriving a conclusion from antecedently known truths, by reference to and on the basis of the laws of logic.

11) According to Dr. Peikoff, what is the opposite of proof?

12) Dr. Peikoff names two false philosophic doctrines that represent a direct attack on logic:

13) Dr. Peikoff defines mysticism as follows:

14) According to Dr. Peikoff, mysticism actually implies determinism.

15) Dr. Peikoff states: mysticism is to epistemology what amorality is to ethics.

16) According to Dr. Peikoff, even science requires a sacred text.

17) Dr. Peikoff maintains: Mysticism is essentially a metaphysical doctrine.

18) Dr. Peikoff holds: Subjectivism is an epistemological doctrine.

19) Identify the fallacy of using a concept, while ignoring or denying one or more basic concepts on which it depends:

20) He will say, “It is true—for me, for you, for him, for her, for it, for us, for them, for the Middle Ages, for the 19th Century, for Americans,” etc., but he will always say “true for.”

21) One cannot prove the Law of Identity.

22) Reaffirmation through Denial is a technique devised by Aristotle that proves the laws of logic.

23) There are two fundamental types of reasoning (two fundamental types of inference):

24) Is logic an art or a science?

25) According to Dr. Peikoff, Objectivism is entirely opposed to what is today called “symbolic logic.”

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